Category Archives: Law of armed conflict

Chemical Weapons Convention

  THE SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC’S USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS & THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION by Janet Munro-Nelson Posted:  25 September 2014 (Download PDF) Dulce Et Decorum Est …Gas! GAS! Quick, boys!  — An ecstasy of fumbling, Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time;
 But someone still was yelling out and stumbling, And flound’ring like a […]

Also posted in Countries, International law / United Nations, Middle East, Russian Federation, Terrorism, Topics, United States, Weapons/Disarmament | Leave a comment

Uighurs in Guantanamo Bay Prison: Innocents or Terrorists?

by Janet Munro-Nelson Posted 29 January 2010 *Updated 21 September 2014 (Download PDF) [NOTE:  This overview of 22 Uighurs in the U.S. Guantanamo Bay Prison was originally written in January 2010.   Shortly after, it was amended when any of the imprisoned Uighurs were released.  It’s been a long road for these men from 2003 when […]

Also posted in China, Guantanamo Bay, Human Rights, United States | 1 Response

Fear vs. radiation

Fear vs. radiation: The mismatch* by David Ropeik Posted December 2013  *This Opinion piece as printed here appeared in the International New York Times on 22 October 2013 (Download PDF) Cambridge, Massachusetts  It has been more two and a half years since the Fukushima nuclear disaster began to unfold, and still the world watches events […]

Also posted in Terrorism, Weapons/Disarmament | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

“Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare (Draft)”

“Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare (Draft)”.     Prepared by the International Group of Experts at the Invitation of The NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence.     General Editor: Michael N. Schmitt   View The Paper Here  

Also posted in International law / United Nations, Russian Federation, Terrorism, Topics | Leave a comment


A REVIEW OF THE U.S. MILITARY COMMISSIONS The History, Developments and Changes since 2001 by Janet Munro-Nelson (Download pdf)

Also posted in Guantanamo Bay, International law / United Nations, Terrorism, United States | Leave a comment

Broken Laws, Broken Lives

Physicians for Human Rights Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) mobilizes health professionals to advance the health and dignity of all people through actions that promote respect for, protection of, and fulfillment of human rights. PHR has a track record of more than 20 years documenting torture around the world, including in Turkey, Chile, Chechnya, Kosovo, […]

Also posted in Afghanistan, Guantanamo Bay, Human Rights, International law / United Nations, Torture, United States | Leave a comment

The Use Of Rape In Armed Conflicts

(Download as pdf) As with other armed conflicts including those of the former Yugoslavia, Dafar, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and now Libya, rape is used as a weapon against civilians—especially women and children– by armed groups.  Margot Wallstrom, U.N. Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, in addressing the U.N. Human Rights Council on […]

Also posted in Africa, Human Rights, International law / United Nations, Middle East, United States, Weapons/Disarmament | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Wings over Libya: The No-Fly Zone in Legal Perspective

by Michael N. Schmitt (Download pdf) On March 17, 2011, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1973, which imposed “a ban on all flights in the airspace of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya in order to help protect civilians.” Excluded from the scope of the ban are humanitarian flights, those evacuating foreign nationals from the country, […]

Also posted in International law / United Nations, Middle East | Leave a comment

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty & Why It Has Not Yet Come Into Legal Force

by Janet Munro-Nelson Posted: 28 February 2011 (Download pdf) The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty is considered one of the cornerstones in the effort for global arms control. This treaty’s inception began in 1994. After two years of discussions and negotiations between governmental representatives, a final document was opened for signature in 1996. This was already twenty-six […]

Also posted in International law / United Nations, Russian Federation, Weapons/Disarmament | Leave a comment

Israel Institutes Proceedings in Relation to Gaza War

by Katherine Iliopoulos Posted July 26, 2010 Crimes of War Project (Download pdf) Eighteen months after the end of the 2008-2009 Gaza War that claimed the lives of 1,300 Palestinians, the Israeli Defence Force has announced that it has instituted disciplinary and legal proceedings against Israeli soldiers in relation to four incidents, three of which […]

Also posted in International law / United Nations, Middle East | Leave a comment

Civilians At War: Deconstructing the 21st Century Battlefield

(Download pdf) A summary of the Chatham House International Law discussion group meeting held on 1 November 2007. The meeting was chaired by Elizabeth Wilmshurst. Participants included legal practitioners, academics, NGOs, and government representatives. Speaker: Michael N. Schmitt, Stockton Professor of International Law, United States Naval War College The event was sponsored by Cambridge University […]

Posted in Law of armed conflict | Leave a comment

Natural Resources and Conflict in Africa

By Paul Collier Posted November 2009 (Download pdf) Why has Africa had so much civil war? In all other regions of the world the incidence of civil war has been on a broadly declining trend over the past thirty years: but in Africa the long term trend has been upwards. Of course, every civil war […]

Also posted in Africa | Leave a comment

The Tribal Path – Commanding the Prime Battle Space – A More Hopeful Strategy for Afghanistan

(Download pdf) Compiled & written by Ken Guest, RAM Seeger, and Lucy Morgan Edwards Posted 20 May 2010 ABOUT THE AUTHORS Ken Guest is a former Royal Marine and photo-journalist. He has recently been working in Kabul and has now been closely involved with Afghanistan for 29 years.  During their struggle against the Soviets he […]

Also posted in Afghanistan, United States | Leave a comment

“Change Direction” 2006: Israeli Operations in Lebanon and the International Law of Self-Defense

Michael N. Schmitt* (Download pdf) On July 12, 2006, Hezbollah launched Operation True Promise, the ambush of Israel Defense Force (IDF) soldiers patrolling the border with Lebanon.1 Three Israelis were killed and two captured. Four more died in an IDF tank responding to the attack, while an eighth perished as Israeli forces attempted to recover […]

Also posted in Middle East | Leave a comment

Child “Soldiers” and Civilians—Some Controversial Issues

Jenny Kuper* (Download pdf) There is a common misperception that the issue of children in armed conflict is a simple one, i.e.: that children should not be involved in armed conflict as “soldiers” or civilians, ever. In an ideal world that would certainly be the case. Indeed, in such a world no-one would be involved […]

Also posted in Africa | Leave a comment

The ‘War on Terror’: Do the Rules Need Changing?

by Professor Charles Garraway Chatham House September 2006 Posted: THE BEACON – April 2009 (Download pdf) INTRODUCTION The National Defense Strategy of the United States opens with the sentence ‘America is a nation at war’.  It goes on to say that: ‘Today’s war is against terrorist extremist networks including their state and non-state supporters.’ This […]

Also posted in Terrorism, United Kingdom, United States | Comments closed

Two Sides to Every Story: Congo & the Rwandan Genocide

by Katherine Iliopoulos Posted 30 September 2010 Crimes of War Project (Download pdf) Narratives on the 1990s in Rwanda focus invariably on the country’s darkest hour: the genocide perpetrated by the Hutu against the Tutsi. It seems to many as if the story began shortly before April, 6, 1994, when the incumbent President’s plane was […]

Also posted in Africa, International law / United Nations | Comments closed

The Convention on Cluster Munitions

  by Janet Munro-Nelson Posted: November 2008 Updated: 31st August 2011 (Download pdf) On 30 May 2008 in Dublin, Ireland, some 107 countries negotiated and adopted a draft treaty to ban the use of cluster munitions.  The draft of the new treaty, “the Convention on Cluster Munitions” (CCM), was finally agreed after ten intensive days […]

Also posted in International law / United Nations, Weapons/Disarmament | Tagged | Leave a comment

Cluster Munitions

Gary  Solis** (Download pdf)   Cluster bombs are not banned weapons.  Cluster bomb units (CBUs) do not fall under any of the five 1980 Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) protocols, yet fear of non-detectable fragments of exploding CBUs was a driving force behind CCW Protocol I.  “Although the effects of unexploded cluster bomblets are in […]

Also posted in International law / United Nations, Weapons/Disarmament | Leave a comment

A Brief Overview of International Law

by Janet Munro-Nelson March 2009 (Download pdf) In matters of world-wide concern, it is international law that determines the responsibilities and obligations of each State, organisation or individual. In the past 50 years, the world has become even more interconnected with the huge leaps in communication and technology, and a growing dependency on other countries […]

Also posted in International law / United Nations | Leave a comment

The Legal Entitlement of a Future Palestinian State to Territory

Editor’s Note: The following is an Abstract of “The Israel-Palestine Conflict in International Law: Territorial Issues” written by the authors and published in 2009. by Iain Scobbie* with Sarah Hibbin** September 2009, Posted: June 2010 (Download pdf) Introduction: The status of the territories Israel occupied as a result of the Six-Day War in 1967 has […]

Also posted in Human Rights, Middle East | 2 Responses